V. Performance and Ground Reference Maneuvers
A. Steep Turns
References FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM
Objective To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with steep turns
The applicant demonstrates understanding of
K1 Purpose of steep turns  
K2 Aerodynamics associated with steep turns, to include:  
K2a Coordinated and uncoordinated flight  
K2b Overbanking tendencies  
K2c Maneuvering speed, including the impact of weight changes  
K2d load factor and accelerated stalls  
K2e Rate and radius of turn  
The Applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks encompassing:
R1 Failure to divide attention between airplane control and orientation  
R2 Collision hazards to include aircraft and terrain  
R3 Low altitude maneuvering including stall, spin, or CFIT  
R4 Distractions, improper task management, loss of situational awareness, or disorientation  
R5 Failure to maintain coordinated flight  
The applicant demonstrates the ability to:
S1 Clear the area  
S2 Establish the manufacturer's recommended airspeed; or if one is not available, and airspeed not to exceed Va  
S3 Roll into a coordinated 360° steep turn with approximately a 45° bank  
S4 Perform the Task in the opposite direction, as specified by the evaluator  
S5 Maintain the entry altitude +/-100 feet, airspeed +/-10 knots, bank +/-5° and roll out on the entry heading +/-10°.