VI Navigation
B. Navigation Systems and Radar Services
References FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA_H-8083-6; FAA-H-8083-25B; AIM
Objective To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with navigation systems and radar services
The applicant demonstrates understanding of
K1 Ground-based navigation (orientation, course determination, equipment, tests, and regulations)  
K2 Sattelite-based navigation (eg., equipment, regulations, database considerations, and limitations of sattelite navigation)  
K3 Radar assistance to VFR aircraft (eg., operations, equipment, available services, traffic advisories)  
K4 Transponder (Modes A, C and S)  
The Applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks encompassing:
R1 Failure to manage automated navigation and autoflight systems  
R2 Distractions, loss of situational awareness, or improper task management  
R3 Limitations of the navigation system in use  
R4 Loss of a navigation signal  
The applicant demonstrates the ability to
S1 Use an airborn electronic navigation system  
S2 Determine the airplane's position using the navigation system  
S3 Intercept and track a given course, radial or bearing as appropriate  
S4 Recognize and describe the indication of station or waypoint passage, if appropriate  
S5 Recognize signal loss or interference and take appropriate action if applicable  
S6 Use proper communication procedures when utilizing radar services  
S7 Maintain the appropriate altitude +/-200 feet and heading +/-15°